Trafalgar Square is a public square in the city of London, built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross. Its name commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar, the British naval victory in the Napoleonic Wars over France and Spain that took place on 21 October 1805 off the coast of Cape Trafalgar. A number of commemorative statues and sculptures occupy the square. The square has been used for community gatherings and political demonstrations, including Bloody Sunday in 1887. The square is a centre of annual celebrations on New Year’s Eve. It was well known for its feral pigeons until their removal in the early 21st century.