Jumonville Glen is a unit of the Fort Necessity National Battlefield. The Battle of Jumonville Glen, also known as the Jumonville affair, was the opening battle of the French and Indian War,in Fayette County, Pennsylvania. A company of colonial militia from Virginia under the command of Lieutenant Colonel George Washington, and a small number of Mingo warriors led by Tanacharison, ambushed a force of 35 Canadiens under the command of Joseph Coulon de Villiers de Jumonville. The French Canadians sent Jumonville to warn Washington about encroaching on French-claimed territory. Washington was alerted to Jumonville’s presence by Tanacharison, and they joined forces to ambush the Canadien camp. Washington’s force killed Jumonville and some of his men in the ambush, and captured most of the others. The exact circumstances of Jumonville’s death are a subject of historical controversy and debate. Since Britain and France were not then at war, the event had international repercussions, and was a contributing factor in the start of the Seven Years’ War in 1756. After the action, Washington retreated to Fort Necessity, where Canadien forces from Fort Duquesne compelled his surrender. The terms of Washington’s surrender included a statement (written in French, a language Washington did not read) admitting that Jumonville was assassinated. This document and others were used by the French and Canadiens to level accusations that Washington had ordered Jumonville’s slaying.