Salzburg is the capital city of the State of Salzburg and fourth-largest city in Austria.
The town is located on the site of the former Roman settlement of Iuvavum. Its main sources of income were salt extraction and trade and, at times, gold mining. The fortress of Hohensalzburg, one of the largest medieval fortresses in Europe, dates from the 11th century. Salzburg’s historic centre is renowned for its Baroque architecture and is one of the best-preserved city centers north of the Alps. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.
Salzburg was the birthplace of the 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.