The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is the southernmost island country in the Caribbean. Consisting of the main islands Trinidad and Tobago, and numerous much smaller islands, it is situated 81 miles south of Grenada and 7 miles off the coast of northeastern Venezuela. The island of Trinidad was inhabited for centuries by Indigenous peoples before becoming a colony in the Spanish Empire, with the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1498. Spanish governor José María Chacón surrendered the island to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby in 1797. It had subsquently changed hands many times to many different colonizing powers before obtaining independence in 1962, becoming a republic in 1976.
The Coat of Arms, national bird and national flower are evident on the country’s coins and paper notes